Design of an Integrated Speed Tracking and Toll Management System for Express Highways

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Design of an Integrated Speed Tracking and Toll Management System for Express Highways

This paper is about the more sensitive and innovative way of maintaining the traffic speed standards along with impartial toll distribution for every citizen passes through the highway giving prior importance to the human safety, security and egalitarianism. It’s a novel replacement for the dull conventional traffic system. In this, the time of passing of a vehicle is recorded at every instant where the scanners are placed to deduce the fair toll amount from their account and to record their speed. Even if, we prefer to use Radio-frequency identification tags on every vehicle that passes the toll gate, on the worst side, the Optical Character Recognition technology is used and applied over the high contrast images being captured by the cameras. The time-and-speed thresholds between the checkpoints are then calculated and have been set up accordingly. The vehicles exceeding the thresholds are noted and are charged with appropriate penalty. This results in an impartial and symmetric way of tracking speed resulting on an effect over the fear-factor of drivers on taking up speed. This work aims to provide the real-time speed monitoring system and fair toll distribution system thus ensuring more reliability and quality to the Indian traffic system. Code Shoppy

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The road accidents in India is increasing rapidly due to the over speeding of the vehicles and rash driving of the motorists on highways and public roads [1]. The number of accidents has increased with the number of vehicles and motorists on round. Statistics reveal that nearly 382 people lost their lives on Indian roads every day. Nearly one million people are killed and injured in Indian roads by accidents. [1][9]. Speeding is the single factor responsible for the maximum number of deaths on Indian roads [2]. To control, monitor and record the speed of vehicles on highways, the various departments of government has been taking necessary steps. But, the fact is that, it’s inefficient and partial. At present, the express highways are having conventional speed cameras which can capture the speed of a vehicle only at that instant. Also, these speed cameras are of high cost and maintenance. The issuing of summons in this system requires manpower and thus, it cannot be claimed as an automated system. Also, the long queues at the toll booths are too frustrating for the person who fights with time and the toll amount distribution at present is much impartial such that a person who needs to travel a few meters beyond the toll booth also has to pay the whole amount irrespective of the distance he wants to cover by road.

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The drift for this paper was derived from the aspects mentioned above. Salem et al suggested a Speed Control Driver module which is connected to the vehicle dash board that will alert the driver to reduce the speed. This technology is an alert system for the drivers to have a better control of their vehicle[3].ARM processor has been used and Keil C software is used for the simulation[3]. In [4]a vehicle speed estimation method is used through a sequence of images. Noise removal and image enhancement techniques need to be focused for efficient working of this mathod. N. Diogo in his paper proposed a text detection method to detect the vehicle number from the license plate of passing vehicles[5].Kanade-Lucas-Tomas (KLT) and the Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) algorithms are used to detect these features[5]. In [6] a system was proposed using RFID to give alerts to drivers when it enters speed limit zone. Here speed control areas like schools, hospitals are marked as speed limit zone where the driver is given alerts. This system will work effectively depending on the discretion of the driver to slow down or not. Unfortunately this is found ineffective due to this feature. Gorajanal et.al in his paper investigates the reasons of road accidents happening and suggested that embedded systems mounted on vehicles help to give prompt information regarding accidents which can be used by experts for reconstruction.[7]This idea can be used to develop data that can be used for study of different attacks Our proposed system aims to develop an effective Highway management system to track the speed of the vehicle and for the toll distribution in a much simpler and economical way. A shift in focus from traditional highways to Intelligent Express Highways is the need of the day in India [10] This system can work 24×7 without any human interventions. We thought to use the original raw RFID reader but when considering the cost, for the prototype, the usage of RFID 1320 module was found more feasible [8][11][12]. This RFID module will fulfill the requirements with its key features as it’s more economical,accuracy, high reliability etc[13][14][15]. In this paper, by using the RFID module and RPi as the main components, speed monitoring and toll distribution can be done effectively. RFID stickers fixed on the vehicle and the reader is placed at the roads on poles as checkpoints

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