IoT Based Garbage Management (Monitor and Acknowledgment) System: A Review
Solid waste management is one of the primary problems that India faces irrespective of the case of developed or under development states. It is seen that most of the garbage’s across the roadside are overloaded because the waste is not collected periodically. It creates unhygienic condition for the people and creates bad odor around the surroundings. This leads in spreading some deadly diseases and human illness. Most of the time wet and dry wastes are not separately collected so that proper processing like composting, recycling, incineration cannot be applied to different kinds of waste. This paper reviews system for garbage management and proposes a system which will take care of proper processing of garbage. Code Shoppy The reviewed systems use ultrasonic sensor, infrared sensor  for detecting the level of waste, Arduino UNO , microcontroller, Raspberry Pi2 as controlling boards. The proposed system uses ultrasonic sensors (as they are precise and have large range) to sense the level of garbage in the bin, flame sensor to detect the fire and moisture sensor to separate out wet and dry garbage. By using global system for mobile (GSM) the concerned persons (driver of garbage collecting vehicle as well as concerned authority) shall be informed through SMS. The officials shall monitor the status ofwaste bins through web page. As huge data is to be transmitted and processed fastRaspberry Pi3 is preferred as controlling board.
The environment should be clean and hygienic for better life leads in India. In the present scenario, many times it is seen that the garbage bins or dust bin are placed at public places in the cities are overflowing due to increase in the waste every day. These overflowed garbage bins can create an obnoxious smell and make an unhygienic environment. This leads to the rapid growth of bacteria and viruses which can cause different types of diseases. The proposed system shall overcome such problems by alerting the status of garbage bins as well as helps to keep dry and wet garbage separately so that different processes-composting, recycling, incineration shall be applied to different kinds ofgarbage. By intimating the notification of garbage filled, the number of trips of the garbage collecting vehicle shall be also reduced.
G. Shyam et al. have researched waste collection management solution based on providing intelligence to waste bins, using an IoT prototype with sensors. It can read, collect, and transmit huge volume of data over the Internet. Such data, when put into a spatiotemporal context and processed by intelligent and optimized algorithms, can be used to dynamically manage waste collection mechanism . S. Kanta et al. worked on efficient garbage collection systems with wireless sensor network and mores focus on IoT . S. Kumar et al. worked on the system which checks the waste level over the dustbins by using Sensor systems. Once it detected immediately this system alerts to concern authorized through GSM/GPRS . A. Arber et al. have analyzed a distributed cross-layer commit protocol (CLCP) for data aggregations and its support for query based search for IoT application . J. Joshi et al. have proposed a solution about the Smart Bin is a network of dustbins which integrates the idea of IoT with Stack Based Front End approach of integrating Wireless Sensor Network with focus on software . N. Kumar et al. have proposed a smart alert system for garbage clearance by giving an alert signal to the municipal web server for instant cleaning of dustbin with proper verification based on level of garbage filling . They have used ultrasonic sensor, RFID, Arduino UNO to check the level ofgarbage filled in the dustbin and alerted the municipal web server if garbage is filled. A. Singh et al. proposed a methodology with use of Infrared sensors to gather real time data from the waste bins and that of Raspberry Pi2Development Board to communicate this information to the waste managers . F. Fulianto et al. presented a system that identifies fullness of litter bin. The system was designed to collect data and to deliver the data throughwireless mesh network . P. Shrivastava et al. have done a review and comparison on various GIS models suggested for solid waste management . Al Mamun et al. have proposed new framework that enables theremote monitoring of solid waste bin in realtime, via Zig-Bee-PRO and GPRS, to assist the solid waste management process . The system framework was based on a wireless sensor network, contained three levels: smart bin, gateway and control station that stored and analyzed the data for further use. W. Reshmi et al. developed a system with use of biosensor sensor, weight sensor and height sensor to detect overflow of the waste in the dust bin and the extent of pollution caused by unwanted toxic gases from the bin . In this system sensors unit were used for sensing, microcontroller for controlling and for communication GSM module is used. V. Catania et al. proposed a system where waste collection is made by real-time monitoring the level of bin’s fullness through sensors placed inside the containers . S. Islam et al. introduced an integrated system combined with an integrated system of RFID, GPS, GPRS, GIS and web camera. The built-in RFID reader in collection trucks would automatically retrieve all sorts of customer information and bin information from RFID tag, mounted with each bin. GPS would give the location information of the collection truck . S. Longhi et al. developed the system which is based on sensor nodes and makes use of Data Transfer Nodes (DTN) in order to provide to a remote server the retrieved data measurements from the garbage bins filling . M. Areber et al. developed the system using RFID associate with intelligent systems like GSM and geographical information system (GIS) for tracking vehicle position .
The proposed system ‘IoT based Garbage Management (monitor and acknowledgement) System’ shall provide the smart solution regarding overflowing of garbage bins. This system shall be beneficial in keeping dry and wet garbage separately so that different processes- composting, recycling, incineration shall be applied to different kinds of garbage. By intimating the notification of garbage filled, the use of the garbage collecting vehicle shall be optimized. By keeping the environment clean, contribution shall be given to the society for ‘Clean India Concept’. https://codeshoppy.com/shop/product/location-based-garbage-management-system-for-smart-city/